What is the best country to outsource software development to in 2024?


How do I know which country I should outsource my software development process to? Which option is the best?

If you’ve asked yourself or your team this question, congratulations, you’re in the right place.

In this article, we will break down the top regions, explain the pros and cons of outsourcing to each country, and help you be packed with knowledge when choosing a partner based on their geographic region.

The best region to outsource software development for your business is the one that aligns with your business needs the most. Choose a competent team that is culturally adept, has strong technical knowledge, and can deliver your desired results within your budget.

Key industries that outsource IT processes in 2024

IT Outsourcing is booming and is expected to have an annual growth rate of 7.54% by 2027, according to Outsource Accelerator. Just recently, companies like Google announced reorganization, letting go of around 200 on-site employees with goals to outsource these functions to Mexico and India.

Outsourcing IT processes, especially software development, can be applied to many industries. However, the top 5 industries that choose to partner with IT outsourcing agencies in 2024 are:

1. Healthcare: Common Medical IT outsourcing trends include Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Diagnostics, the Internet of Medical Things for real-time data collection, monitoring, and analysis, Virtual Reality, and Cloud-Based Healthcare Solutions.

2. Finance/ Banking: Common IT outsourcing trends include AI for customer experience personalization, data management, and storage, and software application development and maintenance.

3. Government: Government software development trends include cloud services for public and government software, web and mobile application development, and workflow optimization.

4. Retail: AI and ML to predict customer behavior and optimize pricing, chatbots and voice assistants for customer support, and payment processing software development.

5. Tech/IT: Trending IT outsourcing applications include custom product development, Quality Assurance (QA) and testing, DevOps and cloud services, generative AI, maintenance and support.

If you’d like to learn more about this topic and the top 5 software development trends in 2024, check out our article here.

The three most common types of software outsourcing

Understanding key types of outsourcing is important for your business to focus on its goals and choose the best country for your needs.

  • Onshore outsourcing- This outsourcing model refers to hiring within the same country for easier communication, cultural compatibility, and legal compliance but can also result in higher costs.

  • Offshore outsourcing- Outsourcing to countries far from your geographical location to reach a wider talent pool and achieve significant cost savings.

  • Nearshore outsourcing- This model refers to outsourcing to neighboring countries, primarily for close time-zone differences and cultural compatibility.

    2024 Top IT Outsourcing Locations by SCD Company

What are the best countries to outsource software development to?


If you’re wondering where most Northern American businesses choose to outsource their software development processes, Mexico is one of the top options. It’s the nearest outsourcing region to the USA, which helps those businesses who choose the nearshore outsourcing model maintain higher control over the project. No wonder major corporations like Google, Amazon, and Facebook are expanding their technical teams in Mexico.


1) Cultural Compatibility and Language: Mexico has many cultural integrations with the US, accounting for 60% of the U.S. Hispanic population, making it easy for teams in these two regions to collaborate. Most software outsourcing companies in Mexico will be ready to collaborate in Spanish or English.

2) Tech Talent and Education Level: The Mexican government has prioritized education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields to help the country with having more tech talents to meet the demands. As a result, they have a strong talent pool and over 38 IT clusters with modern technologies launched by the government to facilitate remote IT work. Most of the IT specialists possess at least a bachelor’s degree or higher, 80 being males under 40 years old.

3) Development Costs: One of the main reasons Mexico has become a popular outsourcing destination in the USA or Canada is its cost efficiency. The average hourly rate for software development is $30 for junior developers up to $50 for senior developers.

4) Time-zone compatibility makes it super easy for Mexican IT outsourcing agencies to collaborate with North American counterparts, organize calls, address project-related issues, and solve challenges quickly.


1) Lower rates or poor quality: Due to the growing demand for IT outsourcing services, freelance talents and less experienced outsourcing companies with cheaper price offers have emerged, charging as low as $15-20. However, this can often result in poorly executed and managed projects with higher risks of failure.

2) Language barriers: Communication barriers may arise as not all tech talents possess high levels of technical English knowledge. According to the EF English Proficiency Index (EF EPI) report, Mexico ranks only 89 in English proficiency. This can lead to communication barriers with those businesses in NA who do not have native Spanish speakers to lead the communication with the outsourcing team.

This report also suggests that Mexico falls behind other software development outsourcing destinations in terms of English language proficiency that are currently rising in demand such as Armenia (ranked 48th), UAE (71st), Poland (13th), and India (60th)


Armenia is gradually becoming one of the top offshore destinations for businesses in North America, Western Europe, the UAE, and the Gulf States, even earning the title of Silicon Valley of the Caucasus region. Located in Southeast Europe, the tech industry is now the country's fastest-growing sector, expanding by more than 30 percent in 2023, according to Forbes.


1) Cultural Compatibility and Language: Armenia is a vibrant cultural mix of Europe and Asia, and the vast majority of the population is proficient in 3 or more languages, common ones being Armenian, English, Russian, and French, ensuring excellent communication with partners.

Moreover, the Armenian IT sector is only expected to grow further as it has attracted major corporations such as Adobe, Synopsys, and NVIDIA, opening offices/centers in the capital Yerevan.

2) Tech Talent and Education Level: The growing demand for IT specialists has led to the rise of STEM education in technical universities and centers such as the National Polytechnic University of Armenia or the TUMO Center for Creative Technologies. Due to high competition and a wide talent pool, Armenia provides the world with top-notch IT services. Most IT specialists acquire at least a Bachelor’s degree in IT-related fields and take professional boot camps to specialize in specific technological stacks.

3) Development Costs: Lower IT outsourcing costs can be attributed to the rising popularity of Armenian software agencies and its unique geographical location. It’s lower than Western European and North American counterparts without affecting its quality. The rates range between $25-50 on average, depending on the expertise of the tech specialist.


1) Time-Zone Differences: One of the cons of outsourcing to Armenia may include the time-zone difference with North American partners, ranging between 8 to 14 hours depending on the specific locations. However, this does not apply to Western European countries, the time difference being only 2-3 hours.

2) Cultural Compatibility: Integration with specific in-house teams can be challenging due to cultural differences. This is true for any offshore development team and region, so making sure both teams align and offering tools for effective collaboration and agile project management would be one of the first things to introduce in this case.


Poland, situated in the very heart of Europe, can be a great nearshore outsourcing destination for neighboring countries such as Germany or Belarus, and offshore countries such as other Western European countries, North America, and Australia. Recent statistics by Alcor showcase Poland having one of the largest talent pools of software engineers, reaching 607,000 in late 2023. This makes the country a desired destination for outsourcing.


1) Tech Talent and Education Level: Poland has a diverse tech talent pool. Polish universities offer a variety of courses in mathematics, science, and technology, and there is a high focus on proactively learning emerging tech trends and earning new qualifications. According to Statista 2023 research, almost one in four Polish IT specialists had a 2nd degree studies (postgraduate degree ). Polish universities have a long tradition of outstanding engineering and IT degree programs, having around 15,000 IT engineers graduating yearly.

2) Development Costs: According to Techbehemoths, the hourly rate for software development services can be divided into two main categories in Poland, the lowest ones being $30 to $70 and the highest ranging between $70 to $150. This difference can be due to some companies offering advanced tech solutions and non-typical applications.

3) Cultural Compatibility and Language: Ease of communication due to high levels of English language mastery and cultural similarities to Western European counterparts as well as close similarities with the USA and Canada. This ultimately leads to ease of project management, fewer misunderstandings, and lower risks of failure.


1) High or Hidden Costs: Although some Polish software outsourcing companies do offer relatively affordable options for offshore and nearshore outsourcing, advanced solutions can become quite costly for some businesses, not differentiating themselves from other local options. Other common risks mentioned by businesses include common hidden costs which can make the development process less cost-effective.

2) Time-Zone Differences: The time zone difference is similar to Armenia, with Poland being generally 6 to 9 hours ahead of the USA's main time zones and 6 to 8 hours behind Australia's main time zones. However, its geographic location in Europe allows it a perfect spot for nearshore outsourcing.


Singapore, located in Southeast Asia, can be an ideal outsourcing/offshoring destination for countries such as Australia, Japan, and even the United States. STEM education is highly popularized by the government and is a prominent part of the education system. There are about 200,000 software developers in Singapore as of 2023. Besides, the IT sector is one of the fastest growing sectors in the country, contributing to 6% of the GDP.


1) Cultural Compatibility and Language: Singapore is known for its multilingual specialists. Due to English, Malay, Chinese Mandarin, and Tamil being the official languages of Singapore, the country has become a desired outsourcing destination both in Asia and America. This makes it easy to communicate with near-native English speakers and minimize misunderstandings regarding your business needs.

2) Development Costs: Cost-effective development and low-cost labor rates are one of the main reasons why Singapore is a fast-growing hub for IT outsourcing. You can find offshore development companies with hourly rates of $20-45 based on the expertise of engineers involved.

3) Tech Talent and Education Level: Singaporean software development companies stress their client-centric approach to delivering IT services to clients. Singapore's tech scene is still young but quickly growing to address the growing needs of digital transformation. In general, The Institute of Technical Education (ITE) and Polytechnics prepare students for a career in IT and accept their students based on merit, with a greater emphasis on applied education than academics.


1) Talent shortage: Despite heavy investment by the government to boost the number of IT specialists in Singapore, tech talent shortage can still be a challenge, especially in the areas of the latest technological advancements, artificial intelligence, cloud infrastructure, and blockchain technology development.

2) Time-Zone Differences: Singapore’s time-zone difference can be a hindering factor for businesses in the USA or Canada, as the difference is around 12 to 14 hours. Despite not having communication issues, this can make project management processes and virtual meetings difficult, resulting in delayed operations.

However, its proximity to Australia, being only 2-3 hours ahead, makes it a perfect partner for Australian business owners who are considering outsourcing to this region.

3) Cultural Compatibility: Cultural compatibility may also be an issue when collaborating with European or North American businesses as Singapore has solid cultural similarities with neighboring Asian countries, making collaboration much easier in that region.


The best country to outsource software development depends on your business needs, budget, cultural compatibility, and the specific advantages each country offers. Whether you prioritize cost-efficiency, teamwork, technical expertise, or time-zone alignment, understanding the pros and cons of each software development outsourcing destination will help you feel prepared and make an informed decision.

Outsourcing to SCD Company

SCD is a custom software development company based in Yerevan, Armenia with second headquarters in Dubai, UAE. If you’re searching for software development or IT consulting partners, require QA or performance testing services, or are ready to build your own product, we are ready to help you out. Book a free consultation with us or email us at business@scd-company.com

Jun 19, 2024